Iran, however, said its elite Revolutionary Guard shot down an RQ-4 Global Hawk drone as it flew over southern Iran. Iran's Foreign Ministry issued a condemnation of the purported violation of its airspace and warned of a strong reaction to what it called a "provocative" act by the U.S.
The U.S. military has denied that any of its aircraft were operating over Iran at the time, but officials confirmed to CBS News national security correspondent David Martin that an American drone was downed.
The U.S. military's Central Command (CENTCOM) confirmed later Thursday morning that the downed aircraft was a RQ-4A Global Hawk High-Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS), which it said "provides real-time intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions (ISR) over vast ocean and coastal regions."
It is the largest drone in the U.S. military fleet and is designed to fly at much higher altitudes than other unmanned aircraft — capable of reaching altitudes more than 10 miles over the Earth's surface.
Earlier this week, Air Force Gen. Paul Selva, Vice Chair of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, told the Defense News website that the U.S. would not take military action against Iran without broad international backing, "with one specific caveat: If the Iranians come after U.S. citizens, U.S. assets or U.S. military, we reserve the right to respond with a military action. They need to know that, it needs to be very clear."
Martin said a U.S. Triton drone flying over international waters would qualify as a U.S. military asset. He also noted that if an American drone was shot down over Iranian soil, as Tehran claims, the Iranians should be able to produce wreckage. A U.S. official told Martin that the U.S. has evidence to support its claim the drone was in international airspace when it was shot down.
The incidents come amid warnings that an accident or miscommunication in the Persian Gulf could lead to a conflict between the U.S. and Iran, which have been increasingly at odds since President Donald Trump's move last year to pull the U.S. unilaterally out of the 2015 nuclear agreement negotiated by his predecessor and other world powers.
CBS News senior national security contributor and former acting CIA director Michael Morell told "CBS This Morning" on Thursday that the downing of the drone as it monitored the Iranian Navy was "another step up the escalatory ladder" by Iran.
The Trump administration has accused Iran of attacking six tankers near the Strait of Hormuz, a vital shipping channel through which about a third of the world's oil supply sails every year, over the course of the last month. The drone incident came after the U.S. said Iran had fired a missile at another American drone last week, as it responded to the most recent attack on two oil tankers near the Gulf of Oman.
The commander of Iran's Revolutionary Guard force said Thursday that the shoot down of the drone was "a clear message" to the U.S., and that while the Islamic Republic does not want a conflict with America, it is "ready for war."
In recent weeks, the U.S. has sped an aircraft carrier to the Mideast and deployed additional troops, adding to the tens of thousands already in the region.
Case against Iran
Iran has denied any involvement in the attacks on the tankers in the Gulf. The U.S. has offered mounting evidence allegedly showing Tehran's involvement as it presses allies — and adversaries like Russia — to join in the condemnation of the Iranian regime over the attacks.
Russia has accused the U.S. of trying to "provoke a war" with Iran, and urged caution in assigning blame for the tanker attacks.
Russian officials have rejected the evidence put forth by the U.S. thus far, and Moscow announced on Thursday that the country's security services would carry out their own investigation into the attack on tankers in the Gulf of Oman. Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev said the information provided by "foreign partners" was insufficient to draw any conclusions about who attacked the tankers.
Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov earlier called on the U.S. to "prevent further uncontrollable confrontation" with Iran.
He accused Washington of failing to listen to other nations and said the Trump administration's actions reflected "the determination to exacerbate the situation.""While there is still time, (the U.S. should) stop, think it through, prevent further spiralling towards uncontrollable confrontation," Ryabkov said, according to Russia's state-run media. He claimed the "vast majority of the world agrees with this approach and sees no alternatives to it."
Speaking later in an annual televised question-and-answer session, Russian President Vladimir Putin said a U.S.-Iran war "would be a catastrophe, for the region at least. It could lead to an outburst of violence and increase the number of refugees from the region."
He warned the Iranians could "resort to extreme measures when defending themselves and their country," making the "sad consequences" for any nation that chose to attack the Islamic Republic "really hard to calculate." Putin added that Iran was still complying with the terms of the nuclear deal and called U.S. sanctions against the country unwarranted.
Some major U.S. allies have tentatively backed the case against Iran, with Britain and Germany both expressing confidence in the evidence presented by Washington, but also urging restraint and stressing the need for diplomacy over a military confrontation which could quickly escalate.
At a meeting in Paris on Thursday, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said the situation was "extremely serious" in the Gulf, with the "threat of war still present." He said Germany's preferred approach was "diplomacy first."
France, meanwhile, said Thursday that President Emmanuel Macron had sent a senior diplomatic adviser to Tehran to try and defuse the tension between Iran and Washington. Emmanuel Bonne held "high-level meetings" on Wednesday in Tehran, "with the aim of contributing to the deescalation of tensions in the region," Macron's office said on Thursday, without providing further details.